RIOTING IN FRANCE
AND RAGE OF FRENCH YOUTHS IS A FIGHT FOR RECOGNITION
A chronology of key events:
25 October: Visiting the Paris suburb of Argenteuil to see how new measures against urban violence are working, Interior Minister
Nicolas Sarkozy is pelted with stones and bottles. He says that crime-ridden neighbourhoods should be "cleaned with a power
hose" and describes violent elements as "gangrene" and "rabble".
27 October: Teenagers Zyed Benna and Bouna Traore are electrocuted after climbing into an electrical
sub-station in the Paris suburb of Clichy-sous-Bois, in what
locals say was an attempt to hide from police. The police deny this, but news of their deaths triggers riots in the area which
is home to large African and Arab communities. Arsonists destroy 15 vehicles.
Deaths that set Clichy ablaze
29 October: As unrest creeps across the Seine-Saint-Denis administrative region, a silent march
to remember Zyed and Bouna is held in Clichy-sous-Bois by mourners in T-shirts reading "dead for nothing".
30 October: Mr Sarkozy pledges "zero tolerance" of rioting and sends police reinforcements to
Clichy-sous-Bois. A junior minister in charge of equal opportunities, Azouz Begag, condemns the use of the word "rabble".
A tear gas grenade, like those used by riot police, explodes at a Clichy-sous-Bois mosque, provoking further anger.
Paris riots prompt extra security
1 November: Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin pledges a full investigation into the deaths
of Zyed and Bouna at a meeting with their families. Rioting spreads out of Seine-Saint-Denis to three other regions in the
2 November: Rioters ransack a police station at Aulnay-sous-Bois,
police report coming under fire from at least two live bullets at La Courneuve, and 177 vehicles are burnt.
3 November: Violence spreads beyond the Paris region to the eastern
city of Dijon and parts of the south and west, with 400 vehicles
Riots spread beyond Paris
6 November: President Jacques Chirac promises to
restore order after a meeting with his government. There follows the most violent night of rioting to date with nearly 1,500
vehicles burnt and nearly 400 arrests, many of them far beyond the Paris area. Two policemen are seriously injured in clashes
in town of Grigny, near Paris.
Chirac pledges to defeat rioters
Violence hits fresh peak
7 November: Jean-Jacques Le Chenadec, 61, dies of injuries he received in an assault on Friday
in the town of Stains, Seine-Saint-Denis. French media suggest
he is the first fatality of the riots.
8 November: The cabinet authorises a range of emergency powers to tackle the unrest, under which
local authorities can impose curfews and restrict people's movements. It is the first time the 1955 law has been implemented
on mainland France. The move follows a
night during which 1,173 cars are burnt and 330 arrests made, with 12 police officers injured.
New powers to tackle riots
9 November: Emergency powers come into force from midnight across more than 30 French towns and
cities, including the Paris suburbs. The northern city of
Amiens is the first to impose a curfew. Police say the level
of violence is dropping, although incidents remain widespread across France.
Towns get emergency powers
11 November: The city of Paris
announces a ban on all public meetings likely to provoke disturbances, to run from 0900 GMT on Saturday 12 to 0700 GMT on
Paris rallies banned
12 November: Hours before a curfew begins for minors, police in Lyon
fire teargas to disperse rioters on Place Bellecour in the first rioting in a major city centre.
Riot hits city centre
13 November: Police in Lyon follow Paris'
lead, banning all public meetings in the city until 1900 GMT. Authorities describe the situation across France as "much calmer", with370 cars burned overnight, 150 fewer than the previous
night. Disturbances in Toulouse and St Etienne. The European
Union offers France 50m euros ($59m; £34m)
to help recover from the riots.
Riot-hit Lyon bans public meeting
14 November: In his first major speech since rioting
began, President Jacques Chirac pledges to create opportunities for young people in an effort to prevent any resurgence of